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phpExcel中文帮助手册  

2013-12-25 11:10:55|  分类: thinkphp框架 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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PHP语言在实际编写中经常会与数据库打上交道。下面我们就来一起看看PHP类phpExcel的具体使用方法。phpExcel,操作excel很方便,尤其是可以方便的加入图片,支持jpg gif png格式。
下面是总结的几个PHP类phpExcel使用方法

创建一个excel

$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

PHP类phpExcel保存excel—2007格式

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);$objWriter=new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);//非2007格式$objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx");

直接输出到浏览器

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);header("Pragma: public");header("Expires: 0");header("Cache-Control:must-revalidate,post-check=0,pre-check=0");header("Content-Type:application/force-download");header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl");header("Content-Type:application/octet-stream");header("Content-Type:application/download");header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename="resume.xls" ');header("Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary");$objWriter->save("php://output");

PHP类phpExcel设置excel的属性:

创建人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator(”Maarten Balliauw”);

最后修改人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy(”Maarten Balliauw”);

标题
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle(”Office 2007 XLSX Test Document”);

题目
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject(”Office 2007 XLSX Test Document”);

描述
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription(”Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.”);

关键字
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords(”office 2007 openxml php”);

种类
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory(”Test result file”);

PHP类phpExcel设置当前的sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);

设置sheet的name
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle(’Simple’);

设置单元格的值
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A1′, ‘String’);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A2′, 12);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’A3′, true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’C5′, ‘=SUM(C2:C4)’);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue(’B8′, ‘=MIN(B2:C5)’);

合并单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells(’A18:E22′);

PHP类phpExcel分离单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells(’A28:B28′);

保护cell
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells(’A3:E13′, ‘PHPExcel’);

设置格式
// Set cell number formats
echo date(’H:i:s’) . ” Set cell number formats\n”;
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′)->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′), ‘E5:E13′ );

PHP类phpExcel设置宽width
// Set column widths
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension(’B’)->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension(’D’)->setWidth(12);

设置font
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setName(’Candara’);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E1′)->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getFont()->setBold(true);

PHP类phpExcel设置align
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D11′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D12′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A18′)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
//垂直居中
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A18′)->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);

PHP类phpExcel设置column的border
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’C4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E4′)->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

设置border的color
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’D13′)->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’E13′)->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB(’FF993300′);

PHP类phpExcel设置填充颜色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A1′)->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’A1′)->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB(’FF808080′);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle(’B1′)->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB(’FF808080′);

加图片
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName(’Logo’);
$objDrawing->setDescription(’Logo’);
$objDrawing->setPath(’./images/officelogo.jpg’);
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName(’Paid’);
$objDrawing->setDescription(’Paid’);
$objDrawing->setPath(’./images/paid.png’);
$objDrawing->setCoordinates(’B15′);
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

PHP类phpExcel在默认sheet后,创建一个worksheet
echo date(’H:i:s’) . ” Create new Worksheet object\n”;
$objPHPExcel->createSheet();

$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objExcel, ‘Excel5′);
$objWriter-save(‘php://output’);


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